Health Harms from Gas Stoves

Since 2019, PSR has provided information and resources on the harmful effects of gas stoves on health and the environment. Gas stoves are silent polluters in your kitchen, emitting nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, particulate matter (PM), methane, benzene, and formaldehyde, even when turned off. Children exposed to nitrogen dioxide face a 42 percent increase in asthma symptoms. Nitrogen dioxide inflames the airways of the lungs, causing asthma and asthma-like symptoms among individuals. Particulate matter negatively impacts the human body in various ways, including reduction of cognitive function and higher risk of strokes. 

Just as importantly, gas stoves contribute to climate change. The gas they burn – methane – is a powerful climate change accelerator, having more than 80 times the warming potential of carbon dioxide over a twenty-year time period. Climate change brings a host of life-threatening global effects, including heat waves, extreme storms, expanded disease ranges, droughts, and crop loss.

Gas stoves also raise equity issues, not just health issues. The emissions from gas stoves must be ventilated out of the building, leaving low-income households and renters particularly vulnerable to health harms if they cannot (or their landlords do not) repair broken ventilation fans. In addition, the option of replacing gas-burning stoves with clean, efficient induction stoves is beyond the reach of many low-income households. 

PSR offers resources on the health impacts and social disparities associated with gas stoves, as well as the policies aimed at promoting the replacement of gas stoves with healthy electric alternatives. 


Table of Contents

PSR Resources on Gas Stoves and Health Harms, Social Disparities, Alternatives, and more

By The Numbers

1 in 3

of households currently cook using gas.

Gas Stoves and Health

Gas stoves produce dangerous levels of indoor air pollution, in addition to worsening the climate crisis.


federal regulations or guidelines address indoor air quality

Indoor Air Quality

Peak indoor air pollution from gas stoves can
reach levels that would be illegal outdoors

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Solutions & Alternatives to Gas Stoves

How to Protect Yourself from Gas Stove Pollution

If you use a gas stove, learn how to reduce your exposure to harmful pollutants.

Visit Page about How to Protect Yourself from Gas Stove Pollution

Building Electrification

Switching to efficient, electric induction stoves and heat pumps reduces exposure to air pollution and helps the climate – while saving you money.

Visit Page about Building Electrification